1. This is the most resilient of the adverbs in there- and has been part of the core language since the 12c. It is always pronounced with the stress on the first syllable, and can be placed in various positions in a sentence, including the beginning. In short sentences and in constructions in which therefore is associated with a particular word or phrase, it is not necessary to separate it with commas:

• Would I please therefore oblige her by using the musical notation provided —Guardian, 1986

• The relationship of patronage was therefore complex —R. Greene, 1993.

When commas are used, therefore becomes parenthetical and its force tends to be spread over the whole sentence in the same way as however (though with opposite meaning):

• It's unsurprising, therefore, that the most expensive restaurant meal of all time —costing over £44,000 —was served here last year —Observer Food Monthly, 2002.

2. When therefore comes at the beginning of a sentence, a following comma is optional and depends on the flow of the sentence:

• You're not here as a solicitor…Therefore, you're entitled to call some other solicitor —J. Wainwright, 1972

• Therefore I wear my ‘power suit’, I call it, if I have to go to a board in the conference room on the top floor with senior officials —G. Kirkup et al., 1990.

When it is immediately followed by a subordinate clause, it is more likely to be separated by a comma:

• Therefore, when a battery shows signs of diminishing power and range effectiveness it makes sense to replace it —B. Smithson, 1988.

Modern English usage. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • therefore — therefore, hence, consequently, then, accordingly, so are adverbs used as connectives to indicate logical or causal sequence. They vary in the degree of closeness of connection suggested as well as in the kind of sequence implied. Therefore and… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Therefore — There fore, conj. & adv. [OE. therfore. See {There}, and {Fore}, adv., {For}, and cf. {Therefor}.] 1. For that or this reason, referring to something previously stated; for that. [1913 Webster] I have married a wife, and therefore I can not come …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • therefore — O.E. þærfore; from THERE (Cf. there) + fore, Old English and Middle English collateral form of FOR (Cf. for). Since c.1800, therefor has been used in sense of for that, by reason of that; and therefore in sense of in consequence of that …   Etymology dictionary

  • therefore — index consequently Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • therefore — [adv] as a result; for that reason accordingly, and so, consequently, ergo, for, forasmuch as, for this reason, hence, inasmuch as, in consequence, in that event, on account of, on the grounds, since, so, then, thence, therefrom, thereupon, thus …   New thesaurus

  • therefore — ► ADVERB ▪ for that reason; consequently …   English terms dictionary

  • therefore — [ther′fôr΄] adv. [ME ther fore: see THERE & FORE] as a result of this or that; for this or that reason; consequently; hence: often used as a conjunctive adverb …   English World dictionary

  • therefore — 01. The accused murderer was found not guilty because the judge said that he was mentally ill, and [therefore] couldn t be held responsible for his actions. 02. Research has shown that bright yellow and bright blue are the most visible, and… …   Grammatical examples in English

  • therefore — there|fore [ ðerfɔr ] adverb FORMAL *** Therefore is used as a way of showing how a sentence or clause is related to what has already been said. as a result of the reason that has just been mentioned: The new boots are lighter and softer, and… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • therefore */*/*/ — UK [ˈðeə(r)fɔː(r)] / US [ˈðerfɔr] adverb Summary: Therefore is used as a way of showing how a sentence or clause is related to what has already been said. as a result of the reason that has just been mentioned The new boots are lighter and softer …   English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”